Thyroid Mysteries Unveiled: Empowering Women of Reproductive Age in District Shimla with Thyroid Disorder Awareness
Dr Surekha kumari1 and, Dr Swati Sharma2*
1Dr Surekha kumari Department of Physiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
Dr Swati Sharma
Article History: | Received: 25.08.2023 | Accepted: 30.08.2023 | Published: 08.09.2023|
Abstract: Background: Thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, pose significant challenges to public health, particularly among women of reproductive age. The thyroid gland's role in regulating metabolism, energy balance, and hormone production underscores its importance in overall well-being and reproductive health. Despite their prevalence and potential health consequences, thyroid disorders remain enigmatic, emphasizing the need for improved awareness and knowledge, especially among this demographic. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in District Shimla, a region characterized by diverse demographics and unique healthcare challenges. Over three months in 2023, data were collected from 400 reproductive-age females using a validated Google Form questionnaire, encompassing socio-demographic information and 20 knowledge-based questions about thyroid disorders. Data analysis employed descriptive statistics to assess knowledge levels and identify gaps. Results: The study revealed a mixed landscape of knowledge among participants. While many could define thyroid disorders and recognize common symptoms, specific areas, including thyroid hormone functions, risk factors, and the role of iodine, displayed knowledge gaps. Approximately 29.5% had very good knowledge, 39.25% good knowledge, 18.5% fair knowledge, and 12.75% poor knowledge about thyroid disorders. Notably, lifestyle influences and alternative treatments were areas with limited awareness. Conclusion: This study underscores the importance of enhancing awareness and knowledge of thyroid disorders among women of reproductive age in District Shimla. Addressing knowledge gaps through targeted educational interventions can empower individuals to make informed decisions about their thyroid health, reproductive well-being, and overall quality of life. Improved awareness may lead to early detection, effective management, and better health outcomes in this population.
Keywords: Thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, awareness, knowledge, women's health, reproductive age, District Shimla, public health, healthcare, awareness campaigns, education.