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Go Back       Himalayan Journal of Medicine and Surgery | Volume:4 Issue:5 | Sept. 8, 2023
52 Downloads146 Views

DOI : 10.47310/Hjms.2023.v04i05.004       Download PDF       HTML       XML

Unveiling PCOS Understanding: Empowering Women in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh for Reproductive Wellness

Dr Surekha kumari1 and Dr Swati Sharma2*

1Dr Surekhakumari Department of Physiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

2Dr Swati Sharma Department of Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author

Dr Swati Sharma

Article History

Received: 25.08.2023

Accepted: 30.08.2023

Published: 08.09.2023

Abstract: Background: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age globally. Awareness and understanding of PCOS among women can significantly impact early diagnosis and management. This study aimed to assess PCOS knowledge among women in District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India, identifying knowledge gaps and educational needs. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from April to June 2023 among 400 women of reproductive age in District Shimla. A structured questionnaire covered demographics and 20 PCOS-related knowledge questions. Data were analyzed using Epi Info V7 Software. Results: Of the participants, 35.75% displayed very good knowledge, 38% had good knowledge, 18.5% had fair knowledge, and 7.75% had poor knowledge regarding PCOS. Key findings included a reasonable understanding of PCOS nomenclature (63.5%), common signs and symptoms (61.75%), and its impact on menstrual cycles (61.5%). Knowledge gaps were evident in understanding risk factors (46.25%), treatment options (46.5%), and surgical interventions (26%). Awareness of lifestyle management (45.5%), medication use (45.75%), and long-term health consequences (43%) was moderate. Nutritional guidelines (29%) and support resources (24.75%) were less known. Conclusion: While awareness of PCOS is present among women in District Shimla, significant knowledge gaps exist, particularly regarding risk factors, treatment options, and support resources. Targeted educational efforts can empower women to make informed decisions about their reproductive health, emphasizing early diagnosis and effective management.

Keywords:Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), awareness, reproductive health, knowledge gaps, women's health, District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.


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