Digital Eye Wellness: Exploring Awareness and Strategies to Combat Computer Vision Syndrome in District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
Dr Chandresh Thakur and Dr Swati Dhiman
Dr Swati Dhiman
Abstract: Background: In the digital age, screens have become an integral part of daily life, presenting a concerning ocular health challenge known as Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) or Digital Eye Strain. This study explores the awareness, knowledge, and strategies for combating CVS among residents of District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, in India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey involving 400 adults was conducted between April and July 2023. A structured questionnaire assessed participants' awareness and understanding of CVS, including symptoms, risk factors, and preventive strategies. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: While 66.25% of respondents correctly defined CVS and its causes, knowledge gaps were identified in strategies for prevention and management, with only 43.75% identifying effective measures. Although 69% recognized the impact of CVS on sleep patterns and 64% understood its long-term effects, awareness of the "20-20-20" rule was limited (22.25%). Approximately 27.25% were aware of local initiatives promoting Digital Eye Wellness. Almost 40% had sought professional advice for CVS symptoms. Conclusion: District Kangra residents exhibit reasonable awareness of CVS; however, knowledge gaps persist, particularly in practical prevention and management strategies. Public education efforts are needed to promote ergonomic practices, the "20-20-20" rule, and local resources for CVS prevention. Addressing these gaps can enhance ocular health in the digital era.
Keywords:Computer Vision Syndrome, Digital Eye Strain, awareness, knowledge, prevention, ocular health, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India.