Insight into Eye Health: Unveiling Awareness and Knowledge of Conjunctivitis among the People of Himachal Pradesh
Dr. Kuldeep Bansal and Dr. Medha Sharma*
Dr. Medha Sharma
Abstract: Background: Conjunctivitis, commonly known as Pink Eye, is a contagious eye condition with significant public health implications. Understanding the awareness and knowledge of Conjunctivitis among the general population is crucial for effective prevention and management. This study aimed to assess awareness and knowledge levels of Conjunctivitis among residents of Himachal Pradesh, India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between May and July 2023 in Himachal Pradesh, targeting adults aged 18 and above. A structured questionnaire comprising 20 knowledge-related questions was used to collect data on awareness and knowledge of Conjunctivitis. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Of the 400 participants, 68.25% correctly identified Conjunctivitis as Pink Eye. Awareness varied for different aspects of the condition: 24.25% knew the types of Conjunctivitis, 21.5% could differentiate viral from bacterial Conjunctivitis, and 58% recognized specific symptoms associated with various types. Notably, 67.75% acknowledged the importance of raising awareness in their community. While 49.25% recognized the need for medical attention, 49.75% were aware of over-the-counter remedies, and 53.5% knew about home remedies for relief. In terms of preventive practices, 56.5% recognized best practices for limiting the spread of contagious Conjunctivitis. Conclusion: This study revealed varying levels of awareness and knowledge about Conjunctivitis among residents of Himachal Pradesh. While there were strengths in recognizing symptoms and preventive practices, opportunities for improvement existed in differentiating Conjunctivitis types and understanding age susceptibility. These findings underscore the importance of targeted eye health awareness campaigns and educational initiatives to enhance overall eye health in the region.
Keywords: Eye Health, Conjunctivitis among the People, viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants,