Guardians of Anesthesia Safety: Assessing Awareness and Expertise in Managing Anesthesia-Related Complications among Anesthesia Residents in Himachal Pradesh
1Dr Shriya Jaswal, MO Anaesthesia, CH Dehra, Distt. Kangra
2Dr Akanksha Sharma, MO Anaesthesia, ZH Mandi, Distt. Mandi
3Dr Kanika Prashar, MO Anaesthesia, CH Ghumarwin, Distt Bilaspur
Dr Kanika Prashar
Abstract: Background: Anesthesia, often likened to orchestrating a complex symphony in modern medicine, demands meticulous attention to patient safety. In Himachal Pradesh, where healthcare excellence meets stunning landscapes, Resident Anesthetists are entrusted with the profound responsibility of safeguarding patients against anesthesia-related complications and emergencies. This study explores their awareness and knowledge concerning critical situations, focusing on malignant hyperthermia, anaphylaxis, and airway obstruction. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Junior and Senior Residents of Anesthesia in Himachal Pradesh. A sample size of 100 was determined. A questionnaire covering socio-demographics and 20 knowledge-related questions was used. Data was analyzed using Epi Info V7 Software, and ethical considerations were maintained. Results: Participants demonstrated commendable knowledge of malignant hyperthermia (MH), anaphylaxis, and airway obstruction. Most recognized MH triggers, clinical signs, and dantrolene's role. Anaphylaxis knowledge included triggers, early signs, and medication administration. Proficiency in recognizing airway complications, capnography's importance, fluid resuscitation principles, and aspiration prevention was evident. The difficult airway algorithm and teamwork's significance in emergencies were acknowledged. Conclusion: Resident Anesthetists in Himachal Pradesh exhibit substantial awareness and knowledge of anesthesia-related complications and emergencies, reflecting readiness to manage critical situations. Continuous educational initiatives can further enhance competence, ensuring patient safety in this captivating region.
Keywords: Anesthesia, Resident Anesthetists, Malignant Hyperthermia, Anaphylaxis, Airway Obstruction, Patient Safety, Healthcare Excellence.