Dr Garima1 , Dr Sooshrut Thakur2 and Dr Deepti3*
1Dr Garima, Junior Resident, Deptt. of Ophthalmology, RPGMC Tanda, Kangra H. P.
3Dr Deepti, Medical Officer Ophthalmologist, Bhoranj, Hamirpur, H. P.
Abstract: Background: Myocardial Infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, presents a significant global health challenge. In India, cardiovascular diseases, including MI, contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality. District Kangra in Himachal Pradesh, a region encompassing both rural and urban areas, faces healthcare challenges associated with the increasing burden of heart-related conditions.
Material & Methods: This cross-sectional study conducted between May and July 2023 aimed to assess the awareness and knowledge of MI symptoms and risk factors among 400 adults in District Kangra. A structured questionnaire was employed to collect data on demographic characteristics and knowledge levels. Validated tools and statistical analysis were used to assess responses.
Results: The study revealed that a majority of participants exhibited a high level of awareness concerning MI, its symptoms, and risk factors. Specifically, participants displayed substantial knowledge of lifestyle-related risk factors, such as smoking, physical inactivity, and obesity. However, knowledge gaps were identified in areas such as the "Golden Hour" concept, CPR, and stress management techniques.
Conclusion: The study underscores the encouraging levels of awareness among the general public of District Kangra regarding MI symptoms and risk factors. To further enhance preparedness for heart-related emergencies, targeted educational efforts should address specific knowledge gaps, emphasizing prompt medical intervention and CPR training. These interventions can contribute to improved heart health outcomes in this diverse community.
Keywords: Myocardial Infarction, heart attack, awareness, risk factors, cardiovascular disease, public health, Himachal Pradesh.