Unveiling the Weighty Truth: Assessing Awareness and Strategies for Overweight and Obesity Risk Factors and Prevention in District Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh
Dr. Jyoti Kumari1 and Dr. Amit Raj2*
1Dr. Jyoti Kumari, District Program Officer, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh
2Dr. Amit Raj Medical Officer (Specialist Anatomy), Himachal Pradesh Health Services
Dr. Amit Raj
Abstract: Background: Overweight and obesity pose significant global health challenges, affecting overall well-being and increasing the risk of chronic diseases. Despite extensive research, regional disparities in awareness and knowledge persist. This study assesses awareness and knowledge about overweight and obesity risk factors and prevention in District Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey collected data from 400 adults using a structured questionnaire. Knowledge scores were categorized as very good, good, fair, or poor. Descriptive analysis was conducted using Epi Info V7 Software.
Results: Participants demonstrated varying levels of knowledge: very good (27%), good (38.75%), fair (17.25%), and poor (17%). While most understood terms like "overweight" and "obesity," only 30.5% were aware of regional prevalence. About 45.25% recognized contributing factors. Over half received education on weight maintenance, with 56.5% acknowledging diet and 59.75% recognizing physical activity's role. Barriers were identified by 62.25% of respondents. Community engagement (58%) and healthcare providers (74.25%) were seen as essential. Few (25%) knew of government policies.
Conclusion: District Bilaspur residents have varied awareness and knowledge levels regarding overweight and obesity. Targeted awareness campaigns, school/community programs, and intersectoral collaboration are recommended to address knowledge gaps and promote healthier lifestyles..
Keywords: overweight, obesity, awareness, knowledge, prevention, Himachal Pradesh.