Comprehensive Diagnostic Approaches for Identifying Hearing Loss in Children
Dhadwal S1*, Kumari S2
1Dr Shveta Dhadwal, Graded Specialist, 7 Air Force Hospital, Kanpur, India
2Dr Sandhya Kumari, Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, IGMC, Shimla, India
Article History: | Received: 20.08.2023 | Accepted: 10.09.2023 | Published: 18.09.2023|
Abstract: The early identification of hearing loss in children is paramount for fostering optimal communication and developmental outcomes. This review delves into the realm of pediatric auditory assessment, elucidating a comprehensive array of diagnostic methodologies. Ranging from newborn hearing screening to specialized behavioral and physiological tests, these approaches collectively contribute to a thorough understanding of the child's auditory capabilities. Techniques such as Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR), Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE), Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA), and Pure-Tone Audiometry are discussed, highlighting their respective merits and target age groups. Moreover, the significance of timely auditory processing evaluations and the insights they provide regarding the intricate mechanisms of sound processing are also addressed. By amalgamating these diagnostic tools, healthcare professionals can tailor interventions to cater to each child's unique hearing needs, thereby optimizing language acquisition and overall developmental trajectories.
Keywords: Pediatric hearing loss diagnostics, Comprehensive assessment, Childhood hearing impairment, Newborn hearing screening, Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR), Otoacoustic Emissions (OAE), Behavioral hearing tests, Visual Reinforcement Audiometry (VRA).